Industrial waste is called as waste produced by manufacturing or industrial processes. The different types of industrial waste are concrete,scrap,metals, trash,paper,plastics,metal, oil, solvents, chemicals, weed grass and trees, wood and scrap lumber, and similar wastes.
Industrial Pollution by Waste
Industrial solid wastes are also sorted out as biodegradable and non-degradablebwastes.
Generally the biodegradable wastes are produced from Paper mills,cotton mills, food processing units and textile factories.
This type of wastes are produced from thermal power plants which produce fly ash; integrated iron and steel plants which produce blast furnace slag and steel melting slag
Industries manufacturing aluminium, zinc and copper produce mud and tailings. Fertilizer industries produce gypsum.
Hazardous wastes such as inflammables, composite explosives or highly reactive substances are produced by industries dealing in metals, chemicals, drugs, pharmaceuticals, dyes, pesticides, rubber goods etc.
The disposal of non-degradable industrial solid wastes, if not done by a proper and suitable method,may lead serious threat to the environment.
New innovations have also causes to different uses of waste material.
Nowadays, fly ash and slag from the steel industry are utilised by the cement industry.
Moreover, solid wastes if not managed effectively, affect the components of the environment.
Causes of Industrial Pollution
1. Deficiency of Pollution control Policies
2.Unplanned Industry set-up
3.Growing large numbers of small scale industries
4.Lack of waste Disposal
STRATEGIES TO CONTROL ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
Solid waste is not the only waste in household garbage box there are also including the agricultural,medical,industrial and mining wastes.
improper disposal of wastes is one of the major causes of environmental
Domestic wastes are collected in small bins, which are then transferred to
community bins by private or municipal workers.
Non-biodegradable materials such as plastic, glass, metal scraps etc. are sent for recycling.
Biodegradable wastes are deposited in land fills and are converted into compost.
The waste if not collected in garbage bins, finds its way into the sewers.
Non-biodegradable wastes like polythene bag, metal scraps, etc. choke the sewers and cause inconvenience.
Polythene bags, if swallowed by cattle can cost their lives also.
The poor management causes health problems leading to epidemics due to contamination of ground water.
Those people who are in direct contact with the waste material such as
rag pickers and workers involved in waste disposal, as they are the ones who handle waste materials mostly without protective device such as gloves or water proof boots and gas masks it is specially very dangerous for them.