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Atal Bihari Vajpayee Biography & His Political Career

Sep 2, 2020
Atal Bihari Vajpayee 1
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Atal Bihari Vajpayee born on 25 December 1924 to 16 August 2018 in Gwalior.His father’s name Krishna Bihari Vajpayee and his mother’s name Krishna Devi

Atal Bihari Vajpayee is an Indian politician,who was the 10th Prime Minister of India,serving three terms; first term for 13 days in 1996, second term for 13 months from 1998 to 1999 and the final term, from 1999 to 2004.

He is the first non-Congress Prime Minister to serve a full five-year term. He is the first non-Congress Prime Minister to serve a full five-year term.He was a MP for five decades.He worked as a member of parliament of Lucknow.

Early Life

Mr. Vajpayee was born on 25th December 1924 in Gwalior, to Krishna Devi and Krishna Bihari Vajpayee in Hindu Brahmin Family. In1934,Mr. Vajpayee was done his schooling at Gwalior.He did his graduation from Gwalior’s Victoria College for study the B.A in hindi and post-graduation with an M.A. in Political Science from DAV College, Kanpur, with a first-class degree.

Political Career

Now, let’s talk about his political career. He became Minister of External Affairs in 1977 and was the first person to deliver a speech to the United Nations General Assembly in Hindi.

Term as a Prime Minister of India

1.First term: May 1996

2.Second term: 1998–1999

3.Third term: 1999–2004

Mr. Vajpayee formed the Bharatiya Janata Party in 1980. During his period as Prime Minister, he made most of the very brave and bold decisions.Do you want to know about them? First in the list is the much talked about, Pokhran Test! In May 1998, India conducted five underground nuclear tests in Pokhran desert in Rajasthan. This test is called Pokhran-II.But,two weeks later, Pakistan conducted its own nuclear tests.The Pokhran nuclear tests were popular in India.

Second in the list is The Lahore Summit.To end disputes with Pakistan Vajpayee initiated a new peace process, with the historic inauguration of the Delhi-Lahore bus service in February 1999.

The Result of this process was the Lahore Declaration which initiated talks, expanded trade relations and mutual friendship between the two nations and also eased the tension created by the 1998 nuclear tests.

The Third in the list is the Kargil War! It came to Vajpayee’s notice that militants and Pakistani soldiers had infiltrated into the Kashmir Valley in May 1999 Indian army was immediately sent into Kashmir in response and the mission was named Operation Vijay.

In June 199 the mission was launched, where the Indian forces fought thousands of militants and Pakistani soldiers while facing extremely cold weather, heavy artillery shelling and deadly terrain at the high altitude.Both sides Many soldiers died but Pakistan suffered heavy losses, and finally, called its forces back, in July, 1999.

The victory in Kargil made the image of Vajpayee as a bold and fearless leader. 26 July was later designated as ‘Kargil Vijay Diwas’.

When did Mr. Vajpayee retire from Politics? In December 2005, Vajpayee retired from active politics. Do you Know, Mr. Atal has also been awarded the Bharat Ratna award? On 25 December 2014 the President of India announced the Bharat Ratna award, India’s highest civilian honour, to Vajpayee and his birthday, 25th December, was declared as “Good Governance Day”.

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