A P J Abdul Kalam full name Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, (born on Oct 15, 1931, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India—died July 27, 2015, Shillong).
He worked as a former President of India as a scientist and engineer, A P J Abdul Kalam is known as the Defense Research and Development Organization and worked on several important projects of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam was a Indian scientist and 11th President of India.He worked in some of the most important organizations in the country such as DRDO and ISRO.He also played an important role in the 1998 Pokhran II nuclear test Dr Kalam was also associated with India’s space program and missile development program.This is why he is also called ‘Missile Man’ In 2002, Kalam was elected President of India and And After serving for a period of 5 years, he returned to teaching, writing, and public service.
Born and Childhood life:
He was honored with several prestigious awards including India’s highest civilian honor, Bharat Ratna Talk about early life Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu to a Muslim family His father Zainul Abidin was a sailor And his mother, Aashiammaa, was a Housewife.
The financial condition of his family was not well That’s why they had to work from an early age For the financial support of his father, After the school, newspapers used to do distribution work.A P J Abdul Kalam was general in studies in his school days But they were always ready and ready to learn new things They had a hunger to learn and they used to spend hours on studies.He completed his schooling from Ramanathapuram Schwartz Matriculation School and then enrolled at St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirapalli.
He graduated in Physics in 1954 After that he went to Madras in 1955 From where he received the education of aerospace engineering In the year 1960 Kalam completed engineering studies from the Madras Institute of Technology
After completing engineering studies from the Madras Institute of Technology Kalam has been recruited as a scientist in the Defense Research and Development Organization.Dr. Kalam started his career by designing a small helicopter for the Indian Army Kalam was not satisfied with his work in the DRDO Dr Kalam was also a member of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s ‘Indian National Committee for Space Research’ During this he got an opportunity to work with famous space scientist Vikram Sarabhai In the year 1969.
He was transferred to Indian Space Research Organization ISRO. Here he was appointed as Director of Satellite Launch Vehicle Project of India.As a result of the success of this project India’s first satellite ‘Rohini’ was established in the orbit of Earth in the year 1980 Joining ISRO was the most important turning point of Kalam’s career And when he started work on the satellite launch vehicle project Then they felt like they are doing the same thing in which they feel their mind During 1963-64, he also traveled to America’s space station NASA Nuclear scientist King Ramanna, under whose supervision India tested the first nuclear, Kalam was called in to see nuclear tests in Pokhran in 1974 Dr. Kalam became very famous in India by his actions and successes in the seventies and eighties.
Their names were counted among the country’s largest scientists His fame had increased so much The then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, without the approval of her cabinet He was allowed to work on some secret projects Government of India initiates ambitious ‘Integrated Guided Missile Development Program’ Under the supervision of Dr. Kalam.
He was the chief executive of this project This project has given missile like fire and earth to the country Dr Kalam, Prime Minister’s Scientific Advisor from July 1992 to December 1999 And was the secretary of the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) India had conducted its second nuclear test at this time He played an important role in it R. Chidambaram With Dr. Kalam was the coordinator of this project Media coverage made during this time made him the country’s largest nuclear scientist In 1998, Dr. Kalam together with heart physician Soma Raju developed a low cost ‘coronary stent’ It was named ‘Kalam-Raju Stent’ And friends, if talked about as the President of India As a defense scientist, his accomplishments and fame In wake of N.D.A. the coalition government made him the presidential candidate in the year 2002.
He defeated his rival Lakshmi Sehgal by a huge margin And took oath as India’s 11th President on July 25, 2002 Dr. Kalam was such a third President of the country Who had already been honored by Bharat Ratna even before becoming President Earlier Dr. Radhakrishnan and Dr. Zakir Hussain before becoming President Bharat Ratna was honored During his tenure.
He was called ‘President of the public’ At the end of his tenure, he also expressed his desire for another term Due to lack of opinion in political parties, they abandoned the idea Once again at the end of 12th President Pratibha Patil’s tenure.
His name was discussed in the form of the next possible president But because of lack of consensus, he abandoned the idea of his candidate After retirement from the presidency Dr. Kalam was busy doing tasks like teaching, writing, guidance and research Indian Institute of Management, Shillong, Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, Indore, Being associated with institutions like Visiting Professors Apart from this, He is from Indian Science Institute Bangalore, Fellow, Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Anna University In Chennai.
He was also a professor of aerospace engineering He is an IIT Hyderabad, Benaras Hindu University and Anna University also taught information technology Dr.Kalam always talked about improving the youth of the country and their future In this regard.
He also started the “What Can I Gave” initiative for the youth of the country Whose purpose is to eradicate corruption Looking at the popularity of the youth of the country Give them 2 times ‘M.T.V. Youth Icon of the Year Award ‘ Hindi film ‘I am Kalam’, which was released in 2011, is influenced by her life In addition to education, Dr. Kalam has written several books which are prominent India 2020 A Vision for the New Millennium,’ Wings of Fire An Autobiography’, ‘Eagle Minds Analyashing the Power Within India’, ‘Mission India’, ‘Indomitable Spirit’ Etc.
He wrote these books For his work done for nation and society, Dr. Kalam was honored with many awards Approximately 40 universities gave him the honorary doctorate title And the Government of India gave him Padma Bhushan, Padma Vibhushan Bharat Ratna decorated with India’s largest civilian honor So friend, It was the information about Biography A.P.J.of Abdul Kalam In Indian Institute of Management, Shillong, on July 27, 2015.
During the teaching work, he suffered a heart attack After that millions of dear ones and loved ones went to Dr. Abdul Kalam, died Let’s see how some of his accomplishments have got some achievement every year 1990 he was awarded the Padma Bhushan 1990 he was awarded the Padma Vibhushan.
In 1994, the Institute of Directors fellow gives equal rights In 1997, the Indian government gave him Bharat Ratna In 1997, he received the Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration In 1998, he received the Veer Savarkar Award by the Government of India In the year 2000.
He got the Ramanujan Award which was given by the Alwar Research Center in Chennai In 2007, he was awarded the honorary doctorate of science by Wolver Hampton University, Britain In the year 2007.
He was awarded the Charles II Medal of the Royal Society, Britain In 2008, he was given the Doctor of Engineering by Nanyang University of Technology, Singapore In 2009, the California Institute of Technology, United States International Karman Won Wings Award In 2009, he got the Hoover Medal from the US In 2009, He got honorary doctorate from the University of Auckland In 2010, he was given the Doctor of Engineering Waterloo University In 2011, IEEE, They received IEEE membership In 2012, he received Doctor of Law from Simon Fraser University in 2014, Britain of University Edinburgh awarded them the Doctor of Science Award.